175 years ago
The Quorum of the Twelve Apostles was organized on Feb. 14, 1835, in Kirtland, Ohio, according to "Essentials in Church History" by President Joseph Fielding Smith.
As many of those men as possible who accompanied the Prophet Joseph Smith in Zion's Camp, which marched to Missouri the spring before in response to persecution of the Saints there, were called to a Feb. 14 meeting to "receive such blessings as the Lord had promised them."
During the meeting, according to the book (page 152), "the three witnesses were blessed by the laying on of hands by the presidency; they then united in prayer and proceeded to make choice of the Twelve Apostles."
The apostles were chosen in the following order: Lyman E. Johnson, Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Orson Hyde, David W. Patten, Luke S. Johnson, William E. McLellin, John F. Boynton, Orson Pratt, William Smith, Thomas B. Marsh and Parley P. Pratt.
The three witnesses ordained the first three apostles during the meeting and the next six ordained the following day.
Parley P. Pratt, who didn't attend the meeting, was ordained Feb. 21. Thomas B. Marsh and Orson Pratt were away on missions at the time of the meeting and were ordained April 25 and 26, respectively.
The book said the ordinations were "another important step in the development of the Priesthood and the organization of the Church."